Once the wars had ended, women were expected to forgo the advancement they had experienced and return to the home. Cooper stated, “In wartime, women could do anything; in peacetime, they had to climb back on the pedestal, descending only to keep the house clean” (456). However, these two wars had a lasting impact that helped shape gender roles to how we know them today.
- Marriage & family: women in some countries were to repopulate for the needs of the state rather than their own families
- Employment & work: many women worked outside of the home in positions once held by men; they lost many of these jobs after the wars
- Citizenship: women led war protests and women activists put peace into their platforms
- Categories of difference: women in war-touched countries had vastly different experiences than those untouched by war